The economy of Bangladesh has steadily grown over the last two decades. However, utilising the potentials of youth population remains a big challenge. The country, being at the middle of the period of demographic transition, is yet to reap the benefits of its demographic profile. The demographic dividend is not an induced phenomenon rather it is a structurally given time bound phase, which requires ‘quality’ human resources endowed in terms of education, health and skill. Given the gap in policy efforts to prioritise public spending for human capital development with youths being in the forefront, the country must prioritise youth development in its national plans and policies as well as in resource allocation to reap the benefits of demographic dividend in coming years.